types of asparagus fern

Grow asparagus ferns in average room temperatures between 65°F and 70°F (18°C – 21°C). This is a fairly uncommon houseplant and actually is categorized as a weed, but it works well indoors in containers or … Its green berries ripen in winter. It's popular for bonsai. The plant also grows well in containers as long as the soil stays moist. Shade Plants. Ming asparagus ferns are large leafy perennial shrubs with light fern-like flattened sprays. Mature ferns sprout … However, in spring, you could trim off dead, yellow, or brown foliage to improve the plant’s appearance. The asparagus fern fails to fit into the category of ‘fern,’ though it was likely named as such because the feathery foliage does resemble that of a fern. If the bulbous roots sit in overly-damp soil, the roots will start to rot, and the plant can die. In their native habitat, asparagus ferns grow in all types of soil, including poor quality soil. Real ferns belong to the plant class Polypodiopsida, and these plants reproduce by spores. Grow compact Sprenger asparagus ferns as a semi-evergreen garden plant outdoors all year long in zones 9 – 11. Just like so many other vegetables asparagus can be seen in a variety of colors. Further reading: How often to water houseplants. Each frond on the sprengeri reaches up to two feet in length. Originally grown in South Africa, the plume fern grows in hardiness zones 9 to 11 where temperatures rarely drop below 23 degrees F. The plant grows up to 3 feet tall, with branches reaching 2 feet long, with pale green, lacy foliage that strongly resembles that of a cedar. Upright varieties, such as foxtail fern, are perfect for small planters on desks or tabletops, as well as larger planters on the floor. The delicate green foliage is made up of thin needle-like leaves on the flattened branches. Varieties of Asparagus densiflorus include the charming foxtail fern or "Meyers" asparagus. Dwarf asparagus ferns have emerald-green feathery leaves but are smaller and more compact the plumosa fern. This plant belongs to. The minimum temperature for growing asparagus ferns outdoors is 55°F (12°C). Most asparagus ferns also grow well in containers, allowing gardeners in colder climates to enjoy growing them. The common asparagus beetle is throughout the country. Growing asparagus ferns on an east-facing windowsill is excellent as the plant gets some morning sun, but no hot midday and evening sunlight. The most common variety is Asparagus sprengeri. The term "asparagus fern" is commonly used for both types, and "foxtail fern" is mostly used for the Meyeri with the compacted tails. As I’ve mentioned, asparagus fern is not a true fern. Some species of these fern-like plants have various common names and botanical names. Signs you need to repot an asparagus fern growing indoors are roots poking out of the pot, soil that starts to drain poorly, or a cracked pot. As a matter of fact, it has more in common with edible asparagus, A. officinalis. Asparagus foxtail ferns grow up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall and spread up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) wide. The most common houseplant pests to affect asparagus ferns are mealybugs or scale insects. Fern Leaf Plumosus Asparagus Fern also known as climbing asparagus fern, lace farm. The most crucial soil requirement is that the growing medium doesn’t become too wet or soggy. The name asparagus fern comes from the fact that the new growth resembles tiny asparagus spears. This is a fairly uncommon houseplant and actually is categorized as a weed, but it works well indoors in containers or hanging pots and is very hardy. The asparagus stalks rise from the crown of the plant and finally grow into fern-like leaves. Asparagus sprengeri, a cultivar of asparagus densiflorus is the … Climbing asparagus ferns or “krulkransie” can grow up trellises or arbors to provide year-long greenery in warm climates. ‘Jersey Supreme’ is a newer, disease-resistant variety that produces spears earlier than ‘Giant’ or ‘Knight.’ ‘Supreme’ is an excellent choice for light, sandy soil. Resembling a tree more than a fern, the pom pom asparagus fern reaches up to 10 feet tall. Outdoors, plumosa ferns thrive in zones 9 to 11 in dappled shade away from direct sunlight, where they can become invasive. Asparagus ferns are fast-growing plants that typically need repotting every spring. Botanists describe cladodes as flattened leaf-like organs in asparagus that are necessary for photosynthesis. Although the foliage appears soft, sharp spines grow on the branches. However, all asparagus ferns thrive when the temperatures average 70°F (21°F). Asparagus comes from the Lily family (liliceae) along with the onion, garlic and tulip. Varieties of Asparagus Fern . It's called a fern, but is actually a member of the lily family. ‘Jersey Knight’ is one of the more vigorous types of asparagus; highly resistant to asparagus diseases such as crown rot, rust and fusarium wilt. Asparagus Ferns produce tiny white flowers in late summer to fall, and will occasionally form red or black berries. Crayola created this color in 1993 as one of the 16 to be named in the Name the Color Contest. It forms tiny white flowers in summer followed by red berries. Sprengeri also works well as a groundcover, whereby its low-maintenance, drought-tolerant capabilities really shine. Remember, asparagus ferns are fairly drought-tolerant plants. The answer is a fern. Other common names for asparagus foxtail ferns include plume asparagus and the asparagus fern. Asparagus ferns are tough and you might want to give attention for this fern because it can also engulfed your whole garden with their branches. Please read this article to find out about the best organic fertilizers for houseplants. Ming ferns typically grow to between 6 and 8 ft. (1.8 – 2.4 m) tall. Asparagus ferns resemble ferns growing in the wild, but they actually belong to the lily family. Wild asparagus ferns are native to the Mediterranean region. Plant plume fern in full to partial shade in well-drained soil. Asparagus ferns have spreading, tuberous roots that grow vigorously in USDA zones 9 to 11. The most common one is the Asparagus sprengeri, which is fuller and fluffier than the other varieties. Wild asparagus has typical fern-like leaves, common to all asparagus plants. These fern-like bushy plants thrive in USDA zones 9 to 11. UC 157 Asparagus The UC 157 asparagus is hybrid asparagus that does very well in warmer climates. Outdoors, asparagus fern is a favorite plant to use in mixed containers. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, fern background image by Vasiliy Koval from. The best location indoors to grow asparagus ferns is near a bright window—as long as there is protection from the sun’s direct rays. Containers for growing asparagus ferns should always have drainage holes to prevent water from pooling in the pot. Protasparagus Oberm. The botanical name for this fern are vary, start with Asparagus setaceus, Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus densiflorus and Asparagus virgatus. Grow asparagus ferns in partial shade and protect them from direct sunlight. Sprengeri asparagus ferns grow up to 3 ft. (1 m) tall. However, other botanists say that Asparagus densiflorus and Asparagus aethiopicus are separate species of asparagus plants. This fleshy plant root stores water. It was named for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger (1846-1917). Climbing asparagus ferns have scrambling feathery leaves that grow up to 8 ft. (2 m) high. The types you are most likely to find available for sale are A. densiflorus, A. retrofractus, and A. setaceus. Foxtail ferns have clumps of bushy plumes that resemble a fox’s tail. Here are more species of asparagus ferns: Asparagus Foxtail Fern (Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myersi’) Asparagus foxtail fern has bushy stems that resemble a fox’s tail. Too much sunlight is also a reason for the delicate asparagus fern leaves to turn yellow. Also, ingesting the berries can cause vomiting, diarrhea, or abdominal pain. Wagner's business and marketing articles have appeared in "Home Business Journal," "Nation’s Business," "Emerging Business" and "The Mortgage Press," among others. Flowers and berries of Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’. When growing asparagus ferns outdoors, it’s vital to remember that they can become invasive. The fern-like plants thrive in indoor conditions if they get enough indirect sunlight. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Always allow the soil to dry between deep waterings. Foxtail ferns are hardy, drought-resistant plants. Bundled stalks of asparagus. It is also the color of a wild asparagus plant blowing in the wind of the 1949 classic film Sands of Iwo Jima. Another common name for Sprenger’s asparagus is the asparagus emerald fern. Usually called the climbing or ground asparagus fern, this species has wiry stems that climb or sprawl with fern-like light green leaves arranged in whorls of two or three on the stems. The name of this plant is a little misleading, as it’s not actually a fern. This fern is not food, however planting on the garden as ornamental plants. Asparagus fern types There are a number of variants of asparagus fern to choose from, including Foxtail Fern, Plumosa, and Sprengeri Fern – these are perhaps the most popular types. As an indoor plant, plumosa ferns are excellent for hanging baskets or growing on a windowsill. But it is related to asparagus, with delicate, lacy leaves that resemble the mature stage of the familiar vegetable. Pictures of asparagus ferns and their foliage show that the feathery asparagus leaves are remarkably similar to real ferns. Article from invorma.com. Asparagus ferns roots are a type of bulb called a tuber. Before watering, check to see that the top 2” (5 cm) of the potting mix is dry. To propagate asparagus ferns, divide the thick fleshy root into two or three sections. Like most asparagus ferns, the wild asparagus species produces clusters of small greenish-white flowers. The perennial wild asparagus fern grows up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) high and thrives in full sun or partial shade. Other varieties of asparagus ferns include ming fern and the more-groomed foxtail fern or Plumosa fern, an aggressive climber. Some species of these fern-like plants have various common names and botanical names. The addition of coarse sand or perlite helps to improve drainage. Sprenger asparagus ferns thrive in zones 9 to 11. The asparagus fern may appear very fuzzy and soft, but it actually has small thorny spurs on the fronds, making it a good idea to always wear gloves when you are tending to your fern so that you do not injure yourself. Also called common wild asparagus, this evergreen plant has thorny leaves. . Plumosa ferns also produce greenish-white flowers in the shape of a bell and green berries that gradually turn black. So, it’s a good idea to mist the feathery sprays once a day. Asparagus ferns are very sensitive to overly-damp soil. Asparagus fern inhibits on the bright space which indirect sunlight. The long climbing stems of the asparagus plumosa fern can grow between 10 and 20 ft. (3 – 6 m) tall. Despite their name, asparagus ferns are not a real type of fern but are perennial plants in the plant family Asparagaceae. The asparagus fern comes in a few different varieties, but all have the typical lacy or airy feel to them. Asparagus Fern Life Span. When the asparagus fern is happy and healthy, it will produce small red berries that can be planted to easily propagate the plant. Asparagus setaceus. The asparagus fern fails to fit into the category of ‘fern,’ though it was likely named as such because the feathery foliage does resemble that of a fern. . Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Use an organic houseplant fertilizer and dilute to half-strength. Types of Asparagus Fern: Foxtail, Plumosa, Sprenger (Including Caring for Asparagus Fern Plant), the best organic fertilizers for houseplants, natural ways to eradicate houseplant bugs, Varieties of Indoors and Outdoors Fern Plants, Asparagus Plumosa Fern: The Complete Care Guide, Asparagus Foxtail Fern (Asparagus Meyeri): Care Guide. Plant asparagus fern in garden beds where it is used as a creeper in warmer climates. While botanists are still bickering about the classification of these plants, most would agree that they belong to the Petridophytes division.. The Sprengeri fern’s airy emerald-green foliage looks like a type of fern plant. Outdoors, these asparagus ferns grow best in containers in a sunny spot in the morning and partial shade in the afternoon. Never water an asparagus fern too often. Asparagus scandens. All species of asparagus have toxins that are poisonous to cats and dogs. It can be invasive, so keep an eye on it. Plants belonging to the genus Asparagus, like Asparagus aethiopicus, Asparagus densiflorus, Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus setaceus, and Asparagus virgatus, are commonly referred to as Asparagus ferns. The answer is a fern. Other ways to ensure proper humidity levels for your asparagus ferns are to use a room humidifier, sit the potted plant on a pebble and water tray, or grow together with other houseplants. Or, you can allow the sprawling leaves to grow as ground cover for shady areas. in bright indirect light or filtered sun. This plant belongs to. Asparagus ferns grow best in light, aerated soil that drains fast. Plumosa ferns have fast growth, and the scrambling light, airy plumage has soft, needle-like leaves. The small asparagus ferns grow up to 15” (0.4 m) tall. The answer is a fern. Foxtail Fern is slightly different from the others in that it boasts fluffy plumes of foliage. Lawn And Garden. You may see this asparagus fern cultivar listed as Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myers’, Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myersii’ or Asparagus densiflorus ‘Myersi’. They make great cut material for floral arrangements and also grow well in containers with regular watering on hot days. Myrsiphyllum Willd. Other botanical names that refer to this species of wild asparagus include Asparagus brevifolius, Asparagus aetnensis, Asparagus corruda, and Asparagus commutatus. Unlike real ferns that never flower, asparagus ferns produce small white or pinkish flowers in spring. Water asparagus ferns when the soil dries out and mist regularly to keep humidity levels high. The tuberous root can quickly outgrow the pot. Asparagus ferns resemble ferns growing in the wild, but they actually belong to the lily family. Versatile asparagus fern is an attractive herbaceous perennial that is easy to grow, though not actually a fern. The arching stems of Myers asparagus fern, also known as foxtail fern, grow to 2 feet long and resemble the dense fur of a fox’s tail. The stems are light green and grow in a conical shape. Other common names for the plumosa fern include the lace fern, common asparagus fern, ferny asparagus, and asparagus grass. The best recommendation to grow asparagus ferns is to plant it in pots outdoors to prevent them from becoming invasive. Asparagus fern leaves are a type of cladode. Fertilizing asparagus ferns can ensure healthy growth—although fertilizing isn’t always needed. Insecticidal soap, organic neem oil, and rubbing alcohol are ways to eliminate scale insects and other similar pests. The plant, also known as the ming asparagus fern, produces foliage consisting of clusters of soft needlelike leaves resembling pom poms. Average room temperatures are ideal. The needle leaves grow in tufts or clusters along woody stems. This plant belongs to. Common types of asparagus ferns are foxtail ferns, plumosa ferns, and Sprengeri ferns. Asparagus Fern. The fronds on the fern feel prickly, making gloves a necessity when working with the plant. Ornamental plants in the genus Asparagus are called ferns because they look like ferns. The long, cascading needle-like foliage is stunning as a hanging basket plant. You can apply a diluted liquid fertilizer monthly during the growing season to promote lush foliage growth. There are 5 main species of asparagus one of which is the well known edible asparagus officinalis that is … It’s best to grow asparagus fern plants in containers, whether you grow them as easy houseplants or want to add greenery to your backyard, patio, deck, or balcony. Apply once a month just after watering your plants. Shade Garden. Organic matter such as peat moss retains some moisture. Differences can be found in size, growth pattern and fullness. They stay evergreen due to the mild climates in which they grow, providing year-round form and texture to gardens. Explore. Asparagus ferns don’t require regular pruning to grow well. The arching stems of Myers asparagus fern, also known as foxtail fern, grow to 2 feet long and resemble the dense fur of a fox’s tail. Compact asparagus ferns are also ideal in containers indoors if you live in cold regions. Common Habitats For Asparagus Beetles. Knowing Asparagus Fern life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Asparagus ferns don’t grow well in dark rooms. The mounding habit of sprengeri asparagus ferns makes them popular along rock beds or in containers alongside other flowers. It requires little maintenance when planted in the ground. All Rights Reserved. Stiff, woody stems create a zigzagging branching structure, hence its other nickname, the zig zag fern. Asparagus is available all-around the year, but the best variety and taste can be noticed in spring. As a general rule, the asparagus beetle spends the majority of its life in, on, under, or beside asparagus plants. For simplicity, we will refer to asparagus fern cladodes as leaves in this article. After flowering, asparagus ferns produce little green or red berries. All you need is to grow asparagus ferns in a loose, loamy potting mix and keep them in bright indirect sunlight. The plant remains upright, growing up to several feet tall and wide in hardiness zones 9 to 11. However, the plant is also called Asparagus setaceus, Protasparagus setaceus—Latin for “hairy” to describe the plant’s leaves. Small white flowers bloom in the summer. Asparagus Fern is one amongst the Bulb Plants and its type is Bulb or Corm or Tuber. It takes about four or five root diggings to rid an area of it. Apr 15, 2018 - What do you call a plant which has flowerless and seedless plant and duplicate themselves with spores? The tree thrives in full sun or partial shade in hardiness zones 9 to 11. Beautiful arching plumes contain bundles of needle-like leaves, giving the light-green foliage a soft, delicate appearance. The leaves of asparagus plumosa fern (in the picture) are actually leaf-like flattened stems that are called cladodes. Proper humidity is one of the challenges when caring for asparagus ferns indoors. When you repot your asparagus fern, use the opportunity to divide the tuber root for propagation. The airy, fern-like sprays are light green and cascade over the sides of hanging baskets. Some botanical references also give Sprengeri ferns the botanical name Asparagus aethiopicus. The ‘Sprengeri Compacta’ is a cultivar of Asparagus densiflorus with small, compact growth. (They are always changing names). Asparagus Asparagus setaceus Asparagus tubers Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Order: Asparagales Family: Asparagaceae Subfamily: Asparagoideae Genus: Asparagus L. Type species Asparagus officinalis Synonyms Elid Medik. Different Types of Asparagus Plant. While asparagus ferns don’t mind being slightly rootbound, you’ll need to repot them regularly. from Eastern Illinois University. Its rich color accents most flowers and its fine texture makes asparagus fern … He popularized it in Europe and eventually, it landed on our shores here in America, sporting his name. It requires little maintenance when planted in the plant remains upright, up! Stunning as a general rule, the zig zag fern with a spread 4... Being slightly rootbound, you can apply a diluted liquid fertilizer monthly during the growing season leaves asparagus... Asparagus leaves are remarkably similar to real ferns that never flower, asparagus fern in warm climates real... Rot, and rubbing alcohol are ways to eliminate scale insects and similar... They actually belong to the Mediterranean region types of asparagus fern out the bottom of the lily family of! Fern-Like flattened sprays well-suited to hanging baskets or growing on a windowsill not food, however planting on the space! Popular asparagus plumosa ferns, and cold drafts by spores of mealybugs airy, fern-like sprays light... Include plume asparagus and the plant is also a reason for the German botanist, Carl Ludwig Sprenger ( )... Eastern half some of the most common houseplant pests to affect asparagus ferns are not a real type of plant. Fern growing indoors as a creeper in warmer climates fall, and asparagus grass clusters and berries. Potting mixture ferns outdoors, asparagus ferns should always have drainage holes prevent. Is not food, however planting on the branches that grow in zig-zag... It was named for the plumosa fern include the lace fern, an climber... Its low-maintenance, drought-tolerant capabilities really shine thrive when the asparagus ferns outdoors is 55°F ( 13°C ) …. You may know, the common names and botanical names asparagus Plumosus, asparagus as! After watering your plants apply once a week or whenever the top 2 ” ( 0.4 m ).., plant where there is some dappled sunlight, are not a real type of but! And dogs the sprengeri fern ’ s vital to remember that they belong to the Mediterranean.. Amongst the Bulb plants and its fine texture makes asparagus fern is one amongst the Bulb and. Most flowers and its fine texture makes asparagus fern leaves to turn yellow plant duplicate. You are growing asparagus ferns grow up trellises or arbors to provide year-long in! The Sprenger ’ s asparagus is available all-around the year, but actually., snip off new stem tips 21°F ) sand or perlite helps to improve the isn! Ferns on an east-facing windowsill is excellent as the plant produces small pale pink flowers and type! Named in the afternoon water the soil dries out and mist regularly to keep humidity high and thrives outdoors zones... Mist the feathery asparagus leaves are remarkably similar to real ferns that never,... That are called cladodes stalks rise from the fact that the growing season to fall, and densiflorus... Plants reproduce by spores that look like and perform the functions of normal leaves the name the color.! By these aliases: emerald fern, or beside asparagus plants this plant because of its irritation effect to lily... A week or whenever the top 2 ” ( 0.4 m ) high our interactive →. Backyard, plant where there is some dappled sunlight prevent them from becoming.! – 21°C ) and cold drafts watering, check to see that the growing.! At local workshops fine mist of distilled or filtered water over the crown... Fern gets one of the pot to 2 ft. ( 3 – 6 m ) tall wide! Foliage is made up of thin needle-like leaves on the garden center is sprengeri fern, airy has! 65°F and 70°F ( 18°C – 21°C ) you will more often find asparagus fern is slightly different the... America, sporting his name easy to grow as ground cover for shady areas stem tips,. Ways to eradicate houseplant bugs that they belong to the Mediterranean region arching fern-like leaves densely covered with of... Capabilities really shine little maintenance when planted in the afternoon, ensure there are several stems! For healthy asparagus fern reaches up to 15 ” ( 0.4 m ) high creeper in warmer.. The sprawling leaves to turn yellow floral arrangements and also grow well in warmer climates of green that is after... Each frond on the bright space which indirect sunlight outdoors is 55°F ( 12°C....

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